What is the first civilization in the history?
Civilization in language means residence in urban areas, opposite of rural area, either in the term civilization is a group of different manifestations in the society, or in similar communities, these manifestations include art, literature, science, and even social aspects. Ibn Khaldun is first exposed to the concept of civilization and discussed their characteristics, and not only confined to the writings of Ibn Khaldun and his theories to Arabs, but also in the cultures and civilizations, and other languages, and that Ibn Khaldun is considered the founder of the science of history and philosophy of science of civilization. Ibn Khaldun has said that civilization itself must exist in nature, but the oldest nomadic civilization; former urban cities and urban areas.
The first civilization in Mesopotamia civilization history
Mesopotamian civilization is the cradle of civilizations and the first civilizations in the world. Mesopotamian civilization located in Iraq in the area between the Tigris and Euphrates, the two rivers have contributed to the development of civilizations on the land of Iraq, where the first farming communities in the world. The most famous civilizations of Mesopotamia-Akkadian, Babylonian, Chaldean, and Assyrian.
The civilizations of Mesopotamia
The civilization in Mesopotamia-Mesopotamia-appeared on successive phases, these stages have been named by a city that has emerged, which is arranged as follows: first Hassouna, then Samarra, then NATO, followed by slaves, walorkaa, and recently delayed victory. And grew up on the land of Mesopotamia group of great kingdoms, these kingdoms are:
Kingdom of the Sumerians
Sumerian Kingdom first kingdoms civilizations of Mesopotamia, the oldest civilization in the world. Also, most scholars have agreed that indigenous people of Iraq are the Sumerians, and had known their civilization by slave civilization, and extended their territory to the island in the South (Bahrain).
Know the language of the Sumerians as a glue language, where all words joined together in one single meaning corresponds with the meanings of each word. For the Sumerian civilization three phases or periods, it stretched from the year 2800 BC, until the year 2400 BC, although each era of the middle ages has the characteristics that distinguish it from other Sumerian was however different their times many innovations that distinguished them from other peoples, excelled in architecture, especially in building temples and palaces, as it develops in their foundry and sculpture, as well as mining.
Acadians are people displaced from their native homeland (the Arabian Peninsula), moved to live in Iraq, and are also believed to have lived in the period when the Sumerians were in Mesopotamia. The beginning of the reign of the Acadian kingdom was when Sargon Acadi reunited Iraq under one banner, and the reign of Sargon Acadi lasted for 55 years during which he carried out numerous reforms in the army as well as in the system of government, and he was entrusted with a great development in the arts and architecture. One of the most important kings of the Acadian State is the king (Naram-Queen), who ruled the Acadian state for up to 40 years.
The Babylonian Kingdom
The Babylonian state was characterized by the abundance and breadth of its cities, as well as by its distinction in the field of science and the recording of research, and the ancient Babylonian age is considered the route that brought the civilization of Mesopotamia to the most parts of the world, and when talking about the Babylonian kingdom, it must be mentioned with the most famous kings, which is Hammurabi the king The sixth of the Babilin (1728-1686) BC, Hammurabi knew of his ability to firmness and good measure, he was able to unite the country because of his outstanding qualities, he was a reformer, a legislator, a politician as well as a leader, and one of his most important works a year of law applicable throughout the country, and all its inhabitants, who knew by the low of Hammurabi.
Assyrians who migrated from the Arabian Peninsula, also believed that they had come from the South of Iraq, and settled in the northern regions of Mesopotamia. One of the most important Kings of Assyria:
- Shalmaneser I retreated featured foreign conquests.
- Sargon II: who has had many achievements including building a new town near Nineveh (Sargon), as well as his Jewish Kingdom eradication in Samaria.
- Assyria banyal: characterized by its culture it was a lover of knowledge and literature where he collected books from all over the country and put them in a private house with books he had built near Nineveh.
Over time many civilizations emerged was large and visible effects throughout the world, and these civilizations are:
The ancient Egyptian civilization: the ancient Egyptian civilization presence coincided with the old civilizations of Iraq (Mesopotamian). It is ancient Egyptian civilization to ancient cities such as Nice, Abydos, and Memphis (Memphis).
Chinese civilization: famed Chinese civilization with its artists and thinkers such as Confucius, who claims Prophethood, he described himself as a reformer, was to provide great influence in the history of China.
Greek civilization: the Greek civilization in Greece and spread, and its center was Crete, marked by this civilization, literature and philosophy, and one of the most important thinkers of Aristotle, Plato.
Roman civilization: is one of the most ancient civilizations, and was a flourishing civilization, Roman civilization lasted fifteen centuries.
The Mayan civilization: is one of Latin America’s civilizations and has the distinction of this civilization on their own for days, dates accurately where their three types of calendar, were aware of the number zero, in addition to their knowledge of astronomy, mathematics, and astrology.