War between Britain and Argentina “Falklands War”
The Falkland War, also known as the Falklands conflict, was the ten-week war between Argentina and the United Kingdom with the British Foreign Territories in the South Atlantic: the Falkland Islands, South Georgia, and the South Sandwich Islands.
The war began on Friday, April 2, 1982, when Argentina invaded and occupied the Falkland Islands (and the next day occupied South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands) in an attempt to establish its sovereignty. On April 5, the British government sent a naval force to work on involving the Argentine navy and air force in taking the amphibious attack on the islands. The conflict lasted about 74 days and ended with the surrender of Argentina on 14 June 1982, with the return of the islands to British control. The total loss of this war, 649 Argentine military personnel, 255 members of the British army.
Information about the war
The war began on April 2, 1982, when Argentine troops invaded the British Overseas Territories on the Falkland Islands. Argentina has claimed sovereignty over the islands for many years. Despite the huge distance of 8,000 miles to the Falkland Islands in the South Atlantic – Britain, under Margaret Thatcher, this extraordinary achievement assembled and dispatched an important force of warships that quickly repaired merchant ships to the Falkland Islands.
The Task Force for the Falkland Islands arrived in early May. While a controversial move took place on May 2 by the Royal Navy submarine HMS, which sank the Argentine cruiser General Belgrano, losing more than 300 crew members. After this incident, Argentine ships remained in the harbor.
However, the Argentine Air Force remains a major threat, with the Royal Navy losing several warships in its attacks on Argentine aircraft, which were armed with rockets. British troops landed on the islands on May 21. After a series of clashes and then dug well, while the training of soldiers of the Argentine army worsened, and began the battle of Stanley, capital of the islands on 11 June. Argentine troops surrendered on 14 June.
Falklands War The Falkland War of 1982 was the result of the Argentine invasion of the British Falkland Islands in the South Atlantic and Argentina demanded the annexation of these islands as part of its territory. On April 2, 1982, Argentine troops landed in the Falkland Islands and seized the islands two days later. In response, Britain sent a naval and amphibious task force in the area. The first stages of the conflict occurred mainly at sea between elements of the Royal Navy and the Argentine Air Force. On May 21, British troops landed and June 14 forced the Argentine occupiers to surrender.
Pre-conflict In the run-up to the war – in particular, after the transfer of power between General Jorge Rafael Videla and General Roberto Eduardo Viola at the end of March 1981 – Argentina was in the midst of a devastating economic recession, in addition to civil unrest against the military junta that governed the country since 1976. In December 1981, there was a further change in the Argentine military regime to the new military council, headed by General Leopold Galtiere (Acting President), Brigadier General Basilio Lami and Admiral George Anaya. Anaya was the chief architect and supporter of a military solution to this long-standing claim on the islands, and by reckoning that the United Kingdom would not respond militarily.
By choosing military action, the Government of Gautier sought to mobilize the long-standing patriotism of the Argentineans towards the islands, thereby diverting public attention from the country’s chronic economic problems and violations of the ongoing human rights regime. The tension between the two countries mounted on the islands on March 19, when a group of Argentinean scrap metal dealers raised the flag of Argentina in southern Georgia, the work seen as the first offensive action of war. The Royal Navy was sent to the HMS ice patrol vessel with the endurance of Stanley to South Georgia in response, which later led to the invasion of South Georgia by Argentine troops on April 3.
The Falklands War ended with the decisive British victory for more than thirty years. However, the idea of war remains within the imagination of analysts and historians. The war on the conflict on the ground involved two installations of the capitalist nation-states of large military institutions
When did the Falklands War begin? On April 2, 1982, Argentine troops launched an amphibious landing of the Falkland Islands and then occupied the civilians of South Georgia on March 19, before the Falklands War began. The invasion was greeted with the nominal defense organized by the Falkland Islands, with orders given to Major Mike Norman of the Royal Marines. The events included the invasion of the Amphibian landing, the assault on the Moody Brook barracks, and the participation of troops Hugo Santillan and Bill Trollope in Stanley. The fighting ended on June 14, after the British liberation of the islands’ capital, Port Stanley, and the surrender of Argentine troops in the Falkland Islands. The British declared the official end of military activity on June 20.
The Argentine Invasion Conflict was the main link in the protracted confrontation over territorial sovereignty. Argentina confirmed that the islands were Argentine territory, which characterized the Argentine Government by military action in the reclamation of its territory. The British government regarded the work as a violation of land that had been colonized in the Crown since 1841. The inhabitants of the Falkland Islands, who have inhabited the islands since the early 19th century, are mostly descendants of British settlers, who prefer British sovereignty. However, the war was officially declared and the hostilities were almost confined to the disputed territories of the South Atlantic where they were lying. The conflict has had a strong impact in both countries and has been the subject of many books, articles, films, and songs.
Relations between the United Kingdom and Argentina were restored in 1989 after the meeting in Madrid, Spain, where the Governments of the two countries issued a joint statement. There has been no change in the position of either country on sovereignty over the Falkland Islands. In 1994, Argentina’s claim was added to the Land Constitution.
Britain’s response After organizing diplomatic pressure against Argentina, Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher ordered a strong regrouping of naval missions to restore the islands. The task force consisted of several groups led by Admiral Sir John Fieldhouse, one of the largest on the HMS Hermes and HMS invincible aircraft carriers. Under the command of Admiral Sandy and Woodward, included these fighter groups of the Harrier Sea, which would provide an air cover for the fleet. In mid-April, Fieldhouse began to head south with a large fleet of tankers and cargo ships to supply the fleet more than 8,000 miles from the house.
War losses, Britain saw 258 killed and 777 wounded. In addition, 2 destroyers were dug, 2 frigates, and 2 auxiliary ships. For Argentina, the Falkland war cost about 649 dead, 1068 wounded, and 11,313 arrested. In addition, the Argentine Navy lost to the submarine, with the light cruiser, and the stability of 75 aircraft with wings.
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