The massacre of a bucket
The Massacre of Ludlow Massacre was an attack by the Colorado National Guard and guards at the Colorado Fuel and Iron Camp camp on a camp housing 1,200 coal miners and their families in Ladlo, Colorado, on 20 April 1914. Thirty-nine people, including women and eleven children, were killed; Rockefeller, Jr., the owner of the mine, received widespread criticism of what happened.
Date 20 April 1914
Objectives Recognition of the Union Road strikes, demonstrations, protests
Parties to civil conflict
Union of American Mines Colorado Coal and Coal Company;
National Guard in Colorado
The main characters
John R. Lawson
Carl Linder felt;
John D. Rockefeller, Jr. detained
The massacre was the culmination of a large-scale bloody strike against coal mines in Colorado that killed 19 to 26 people; there were varying estimates of the number of victims, including two women and 11 children, who died from suffocation or arson, in one camp.
The deaths occurred after day-to-day fighting between militia and camp guards against striking workers. Dullo was the single most deadly incident in the southern Colorado coal strike, which began from September 1913 to December 1914. The strike was organized by the UMWA against coal mining companies in Colorado. The top three target companies were the Colorado Fuel and Coal Company, owned by the Rockefeller family, Rocky Mountain Fuel Company, and Victor-American Fuel Company.
Revenge of the bucket
The miners armed themselves and attacked dozens of mines over the next ten days, destroying property and engaging in numerous skirmishes with the National Guard in Colorado on a front 40 miles from Trinidad to Colorado and San Francisco.
Between 69 and 199 people were killed in the attack. Thomas J. Andrews described the massacre as “the deadliest attack in the history of the United States.”
The Dolo massacre was a defining moment in US labor relations. Of Howard Zen described the Dalu massacre as “the culmination of what may be the most intense struggle between institutional forces and workers in American history.”
Congress responded to the public anger by ordering the House of Mines and Mining Committee to investigate the incident.
The Commission published a report, published in 1915, and had an impact on the promotion of child labor laws and the eight-hour working day.
Location of the Dello, 12 miles (19 km) south of Trinidad, Colorado, is currently a ghost town. The site of the massacre was owned by the Colorado Coal and Coal Company, which erected a memorial from the granite to commemorate the miners and their families who died on that day.
The locality of the DLU camp colony was listed as a national historical laboratory on January 16, 2009, and allocated on 28 June 2009. The modern archaeological investigation greatly supports the workers’ accounts of the event.
f the bucket
Monument to the memorial
- ^Watner, Carl (1999). I Must Speak Out: The Best of The The Voluntaryist 1982 – 1999. San Francisco, CA: Fox & Wilkes. p. 258. ISBN 0930073339.
- ^Andrews 2008, 1
- ^Zinn 1990, p. 79
- ^House Report
- ^ أب McPhee, Mike. “Mining Strike Site in Ludlow Gets Feds’ Nod.” Denver Post. June 28, 2009.
- ^ Laurie Simmons, Thomas H. Simmons, Charles Haecker, and Erika Martin Siebert (May, 2008), National Historic Landmark Nomination: Ludlow Tent Colony SitePDF(32 KB), National Park Service
ge Mine explosion, 1913. During the time of the Colorado Coalfields Strike (which included Ludlow) this mine in New Mexico exploded, killing 263 men, the 2nd deadliest mine disaster in US history. It was owned by Rockefeller-in-law M. Hartley-Dodge, owner of Remington Arms.
- Ludlow Massacre – Historical BackgroundBackground material prepared by the Colorado Bar for the 2003 Colorado Mock Trial program
- The Ludlow Massacreon libcom.org/history
- The lyrics to Woodie Guthrie’s Ludlow Massacre are here  and the lyrics to Guthrie’s closely related song about copper miners in Calumet, Michigan, 1913 Massacre, are here. 
- The Virtual Oral/Aural History ArchiveAudio of an interview with Ludlow survivor Mary Thomas O’Neal in 19744.
- Howard Zinn on the Ludlow Massacre
- Caleb Crain, “There Was Blood: The Ludlow Massacre Revisited, “The New Yorker January 19, 20099.
- Caleb Crain, “Notebook: The Ludlow Massacre Revisited,” an annotated bibliography to the preceding article