The causes and details of the Korean War

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The causes and details of the Korean War

In the middle of the century, which already witnessed two of the world’s most devastating, horrific and costly conflicts, a brutal war broke out in Asia, which began during the World War between 1939 and 1945, when the future of the Japanese Empire was determined at Allied summit meetings, in the short term, they were waiting for the return of Korean independence. Korea has been a Japanese colony since 1910.

The Korean War began from June 1950 to July 1953, when communist Korea invaded the south, which had UN support. The United States provided a lot of support. South Korea resisted. During the Korean War, The United States was pursuing its policy of containment and worked to prevent aggression and stop the spread of communism. As such, the Korean War can be seen as one of many important wars that came during the Cold War.

The causes of Korean War

Korea was liberated from Japan in 1945 during the last days of the Second World War, and Korea became divided. The southern territories were with the United States, the northern territories were with the Soviet Union, and later that year they decided to reunite and make them an independent country after a five-year split, they actually held elections in North and South Korea in 1948. As the Communists took power in the north, the South became democratic with the support of its sponsors. The two governments wanted to reunite the peninsula under a certain ideology, after some Skirmishes on the border, North Korea invaded the South on June 25, 1950, and from here the conflict opened.

The Korean War

The first scenes in the Yalu River from 25 June 1950 to October 1950

The North Korean invasion began immediately, The United Nations issued resolution 83 to provide military support to South Korea. Under the banner of the UN, President Harry Truman ordered US forces to support the South, overwhelmed the North Koreans and forced them to live in a small area around Busan port. Around Busan, the UN commander, General Douglas MacArthur, was the mastermind of the landing on Anshon, and that landing crashed the North Korean attack. Many had hoped that the UN forces would end the war by Christmas, and then China warned from interference.

China’s intervention from October 1950 to June 1951

Although China had warned from intervention, MacArthur rejected all these threats. In October, Chinese troops crossed the Yalu River and entered the middle of the fight. The following month, a large-scale attack was unleashed and entered with UN forces in the Battle of the Chosin Reservoir, Forcing them to retreat south of Seoul, MacArthur was able to stabilize in the counter-attack, UN forces pushed back north, MacArthur and Truman clashed, and the attack was repelled by Matthew Ridgway of Chinese troops.

Tracking the crisis, between July 27, 1951, and July 1953

The war effectively reached a dead end, as if it were a chess game. From here, the truce negotiations were opened in July 1951 in Kaesong and the negotiations were moved to Panmunjom, prisoners cases have hampered talks, as many of the North Koreans and Chinese prisoners did not want to go home, and on the battlefront, the United Nations air forces continued to attack the enemy while the attacks on the ground were relatively limited, both sides were fighting over the hills and the high ground along the front, the brawls included battles such as the Battle of Ridge (1951), the Battle of White Horse (1952) Mount Hill (1952).

After the Korean War

Negotiations in Panmunjom finally came to fruition in 1953, and the truce took effect on July 27, and although the fighting ended, the war did not end with any formal peace treaty. Instead, the two sides agreed to establish a demilitarized zone along the front, this region is one of the most militarized borders in the world with both sides. The losses that resulted from this war were about 778,000 people for the South Korean forces, which the United Nations helped, while North Korea and China lost about 1.1 to 1.5 million people in the conflict , and South Korea has become one of the strongest economies In the world, while North Korea remains a pariah state and isolated.

 

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