The Stone Age began from the appearance of man on the surface of the earth. It extended from 2,300,000 BC and ended in 1,000 BC approximately. The man began in Africa and spread to Asia and Europe, His life was primitive in all aspects of life. His tools were made of stones, so the of a man who lived in that era was called the primitive man, he worked on sculpturing in rock and stone and its composition and division and cut it to the forms that he wants, and that’s why it is called the Stone Age. This era has traces, inscriptions, and sculptures that still exist in many areas, and this era was called prehistoric times.
Stone Age Eras
The Stone Age was divided into three main eras:
Ancient Stone Age (Paleolithic)
The Ancient Stone Age (Paleolithic) began with the appearance of man on the surface of the earth, and continued until the year 10,000 BC, where the man relied on the movement from place to another, also relied on hunting to get his food, and learned to set fire after a lightning strike a wooden stick. At the end of this period, he learned to make many specialized tools, such as spears and needles, as well as drawing on the walls of caves where he lived.
Middle Stone Age
The Middle Stone Age began from the year 10000 to 4000 BC, where humans settled on animal pits, using tools made of polished stone, and many industries have also merged, such as ceramics, textiles, carpentry, etc., This period was characterized by its moderate climate, which contributed to the provision of food.
New Stone Age (Neolithic)
Is the era that began after the year 4000 BC, when human has known about minerals, and methods of melting, and the dagger is one of the oldest iron tools formed by hammering, which was made before 1350 BC. The New Stone Age (Neolithic) was characterized by the discovery of agriculture, stability and the emergence of the One-city States, complex political systems and the invention of pottery.
Human life in the Stone Age
The primitive man lived, relying on the instinct that God has enjoined upon him in the search for food, shelter and warmth, and other vital things to ensure his continuity. Also, he developed many tools and purposes to facilitate his life.
The social and cultural level of the human groups that lived throughout the Paleolithic period has varied, as many evolutionary differences emerged at different stages and the human species evolved from one stage to another. In the early Paleolithic period, A primitive pattern of humans emerged, known as skilled man, Who was found in Africa, and then emerged the erect man, known as Homo Erectus, who made the civilization of the Acholi, and then emerged a new pattern of humans in the Middle Paleolithic, was known as the Neanderthal man.
Some of the ancient Stone Age monuments and inscriptions were used to know the lifestyle of this era, the tribes that existed at that time, and how man lived in the Stone Age, so we will explain how people lived in that era through several things, Which are:
- In the Stone Age, human food was diverse and not confined to one species, such as animal hunting, leafy vegetables, some fruit, fish and certain insects. However, their primary dependence on food was hunting animals.
- Fire had a fundamental role in life in the Stone Age, as the man relied on it to cook food, heat when they felt cold and burned their dead in the fire.
- At that time, a man used primitive and simple equipment in his life, made of stones, bones and some of the wood available to them, and this equipment has many uses, including the ax used in agriculture, spear in the process of hunting animals and other uses.
- In the Stone Age, man was able to manufacture so-called floats, which helped them to travel and move between water and land, and was mostly used in the Mediterranean Sea.
- One of the most famous objects of the Stone Age was art and singing, they used to wear their folk costume at night, set a fire, gathering around it, and began to dance and sing.
- Primitive man searched for safe shelter for him and the group he lived within, to provide protection against various climate variability, as well as protection from predators, especially during darkened nights. He lived in caves and huge tree openings. As for his clothes, it was limited to covering a small part of his body and was made of large leaves or animal skins.