South Lebanon conflict


South Lebanon conflict

The South Lebanon conflict, which took place between 1982 and 2000, is years of fighting and war between the Lebanese resistance and the Palestinians on a hand, and the forces of Israel and its allies on the other one. The conflict began as an attempt by Israel to expel the PLO from Lebanon and ended with the withdrawal of the Israeli army and the collapse of its ally, the South Lebanon Army. The resistance began by the Lebanese national forces such as the Communist Party and the Amal movement. However, the end of the 1980s showed the Islamic resistance represented by Hezbollah a strong and effective presence after it carried out effective and painful operations against the Israeli army and the South Lebanon Army


Israel has carried out a large-scale offensive in Beirut, occupying all Lebanese areas south of the Beirut-Damascus road. The steadfastness of the PLO in Beirut for 88 days of continuous fighting with Israel ended with the departure of the PLO forces from Lebanon and the move to Tunisia. Israel has tried to install a pro-government and sign a peace agreement with Lebanon.I t received fierce popular resistance in Beirut, forcing it to withdraw from the capital. The assassination of Bashir Gemayel after his election as President of the Republic and the massacres of Sabra and Shatila. Fatah forces and Popular Front Forces – General Command 8 Israeli soldiers were captured and exchanged for 5,000 Palestinian and Lebanese prisoners held in Ansar.


The entry of international forces into Lebanon to separate the belligerents. Israel’s failure to conclude an agreement with the Lebanese government and the establishment of the national resistance led by the Amal movement and the Lebanese Communist Party. And the establishment of a nucleus of the Islamic resistance from the separation of some members of Amal movement and strong support from Iran. The withdrawal of Israel from Mount Lebanon and the mountain war between the Druze armed men and the armed Palestinian camps and armed Lebanese leftists against the right wing of the Lebanese army are causing the expulsion of Christians from the mountain. Following this war, armed Palestinians entered the Palestinian camps directly after the liberation of Lebanon.


The attack on US Marines and French forces, which prompts them to withdraw from Lebanon. The February 6 uprising and the re-division of Lebanese politics between East and West. The rise of resistance to Israel. Hezbollah appears on the Lebanese scene and gets fierce, fierce and violent battles between (Hezbollah fighters against Amal fighters).


Israel implemented a policy of iron fist that led to the destruction of large areas of the south in order to establish safe areas. Hezbollah directs its first messages to the oppressed on the ground by threatening the Americans and Israel. The three-year-old war on camps between the Amal movement, the Syrian army, the Lebanese army, the Progressive Socialist Party (PSP) and some Syrian-backed Palestinian factions against the armed groups loyal to Yasser Arafat and Murabitun fighters, Which led to the destruction of most of the Palestinian camps, the outbreak of the tripartite agreement between the armed forces of the Lebanese Forces Party (LFL) against the armed forces loyal to the President of the Republic and elkataeb armed forces, which ended with the victory of the Lebanese Forces and controlling the Christian areas.


The Six-Day War between the Amal Movement and the armed forces of the Communist Party and the armed Palestinians in the Palestinian camps ended with the victory of the Amal Movement and the perpetration of the Amal movement by the armed forces loyal to Ja’ja ‘against the armed militias loyal to Hobeika. After the victory of Amal they did Massacres against the Druze.


Ending the Lebanese war after EL- Taif Agreement. A split in the Lebanese army and two governments in Lebanon. All the forces handed over their weapons except Hezbollah in the name of the resistance, the war of liberation between (the Lebanese Forces Party, the Lebanese army and the Lebanese internal security against the Syrian army, the Druze militants, the Communist Party militants, and the Palestinian camp militants)


Israel assassinates Hezbollah leader Abbas al-Moussawi and succeeds Hassan Nasrallah, who threatens to hit Israel’s depth by striking any Lebanese position. The Syrian army occupied the presidential palace, leading to an armed clash between the Lebanese army and the Syrian army. Syrian forces occupied Lebanon.


Israel is launching a “calculation” against Hezbollah for 9 days, ending with an oral treaty to spare civilians. The treaty falls


Israel launched Israeli operations called Grapes of Wrath to eliminate Hezbollah. Ending with an agreement called the Nissan Accord to spare civilians. Resistance remains against the military and the resistance carries out specific operations against the Israeli army and its agents. 


The Jews of Barak are preparing to withdraw from Lebanon as a project for his government to win the elections. In May 2000, Sa’ada was assassinated before the end of the day, causing the collapse of the SLA and the entry of Hezbollah into the south. The United Nations issues a resolution that considers withdrawal in implementation of resolution 425.



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