Since the first day revelation was revealed to the Messenger of Allah peace be upon him, the Messenger of Allah realized that will emigrate from Mecca, and he was told by Warka abn Nofal, when he told him that: No prophet sent only fought by his people and lied and drove him out, The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) ordered them to go to Medina, The Prophet’s migration to Madinah was preceded by the first migration to Abyssinia. The torment of the infidels intensified on the Companions of the Messenger of Allah – may Allah bless him and grant him peace – and the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) ordered them to go to Abyssinia; to stay there and stay a little away from the oppression of my villages And their injustice.
The reason for the noble Prophet’s migration is that Kefar Quraysh did not accept the Prophet’s prayer – and did not to believe it or accept it. The Messenger of Allah – peace be upon him – at the beginning of the call was keen to guide his people and his family to Islam and survival, But they met him with the successive disbelief, and hurt him and follow the people whom the Prophet calls; to convince them that he is a lunatic witch – and then the damage followed the people of the Prophet as they tortured them to. The Messenger of Allah then looked to a country to receive him and his followers and believers, And he began to build the Islamic state and apply its laws away from these difficult circumstances. He was encouraged by peace upon him when he met with a group of Khazraj who had come to Makkah. He offered Islam to them, And then they returned in the next year and have increased the number and asked for a guide to them; appoints them on the order of their religion, the Messenger of Allah sent with them Musab ebn Omair calling and a teacher for them, and increased the number of Muslims from Ansar after that, and then announced the Messenger of Allah – peace be upon him – And victory is what they can, decoupled N This catalyst for the Messenger of Allah to move to Medina
The date of the Prophet’s migration
God authorized his prophet to migrate to Medina after thirteen years of mission and call in Mecca, after the call became difficult in Mecca, and the time has come to start building an Islamic state and establish its bases, received the Messenger of Allah – peace be upon him – his new destination, and the intention of Medina, no doubt that this decision came to make a separation between two different phases in the circumstances And the mechanism of advocacy and even in the hearts of believers companions.
The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) told Abu Bakr (may Allaah be pleased with him) that Allaah had authorized him to leave and emigrate. Abu Bakr asked for his companionship in his emigration. The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) answered Abu Bakr’s request and agreed to meet him. After three hidden days in Ghor Thur, they hired a guide, Abdullah bin Ariqat, to be their guide in their journey. Aisha and Asmaa – may Allah be pleased with them – prepared the travel goods for their father and the Messenger of Allah. Before the agreed dawn of the day they went out to meet on the road. Their absence until the polytheists realized that they had emigrated to the city, observed every move on the And made precious gifts to anyone who comes with any news about the Messenger of Allah peace be upon him, but that the Messenger of God had taken care of it so that he walked an unusual way to walk; to imitate the Quraish it, and no doubt that God has blocked them evidence as well, even The messenger of Allah and his companion arrived at the cave of Thor.
God Almighty, for the wisdom he wanted, to Quraysh to reach the cave of Thor where the Prophet and Abu Bakr are present, but that God blocked them from seeing them until they were absent, and Abu Bakr crying for fear of the Messenger of Allah peace be upon him, and descend verses that describe this by saying After three days of waiting and waiting, the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) came out, and Abu Bakr from the cave, and the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) After that make sure Quraish that the movement has said in the place, and walked toward the city of Medina.
Miracles in the way of migration
The Messenger of Allah – may Allah bless him and grant him peace – had several events that are miracles that God supported by them, mentioning two positions, namely:
When the Quraysh gave gifts and rewards to those who came with news about the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), a man named Sorraqa ibn Malik coveted gifts and bids. He hurried to the road, looking for an impact on the Prophet of Allah and his companion. He saw them and tried to reach them. His horse gets hit in the stomach, he realized that the Prophet was saved and supported by God, promised by the Messenger of God Bracelet Kasri in exchange for not telling anyone their experience, he became engaged idolaters and does not indicate them.
In the path of the Prophet to the city came down a tent om maabd, asked her food or milk, she told him that there is only a lean sheep do not milk our hearts, the Prophet – peace be upon him – sheep, wiped his breast with his hand, and called God to bless her milk, Her milk drank for everyone.