Phases of the French Revolution
The French revolution began before the year 1789 and caused the fall of the old regime, one of the major causes:
- Social problems, financial and economic crises such as poverty, inflation and unemployment, which hit the country during the reign of Louis XVI.
- The dictatorship of Louis XIV.
- Movements of the enlightenment and the ideas espoused by many French and that played an important role in this stage.
- Formation of new ideologies, in addition to the emergence of new toast, then authorities could not address these problems, because of the differences between power and wealth.
- The appearance of new centers of social and economic power posed no policy.
- The appearance of an unsuccessful tax system, where everyone must pay tax that is equal, which led to an increase of the financial crisis.
The first phase
The first phase of 1789 until 1791, where the General Council was called, to give the King’s approval to organize financial matters, this was the first term in a long time, the three counties is called in France (the three estates) to vote evenly or relatively, and rather than submit to the King the provincial authority took extreme action, and declared herself the legislature (Legislative Assembly) of the country, took power, and sovereignty, and demolition began tearing the old regime began to create new France, by announcing a series of New laws, which stripped the centuries of laws, rules, and divisions, are these days more days the oddest sensation, important in the history of Europe..
The second phase
The second stage extends from the year 1792 to 1794, where the first Republic was established in the summer of 1792, as the revolution led to a broader representative, was elected to the National Convention and featured a special thought Tracking group to gain power, and the community support to extricate people from slavery. Moreover, the King was beheaded in 1793, leading to the establishment of the Committee of public safety, and became a national revolution, and uniform, and helped to organize the army, the Government response was hired as a way of organized violence policy control Things, and was a reaction to the excesses of government able to lose Government legitimate authority.
The third Phase.
Extending this stage between 1795 and 1799, at a time when the country’s fortunes are increasingly declining intense, at that time the Administrative Council was governing France (English: The Directory) through a series of coups, which brought some form of peace, a form of recognized forms of corruption, and in this time has achieved great successes, French armies out of the country, to the point that taking advantage of the General to create a new type of Government, It is noteworthy that the Constitution created a weak representation in 1795.
The fourth phase
A little revolution faltered after the execution of robsbiar leader and returned to the track after the advent of Napoleon Bonaparte, the great military leader of France, who started the capsizing in 1799, and became King of France in 1802, in addition to his control, and wisdom on many areas of the European continent, Defeated at the battle of Waterloo in 1815, the French Revolution ended in the same year, and restored Bourbon dynasty under the rule of Louis XVIII, and though the latter’s desire to rule France, the revolution has created a new political culture believes that the people are the source of sovereignty.