Nuclear attack on Hiroshima and Nagasaki
Nuclear attack on Hiroshima and Nagasaki At the end of World War II in 1945, the United States of America bombed the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki because of Japan’s refusal to implement the Potsdam Declaration, which stipulated Japan’s unconditional surrender. British Prime Minister (Suzuki), rejected this report and ignored the deadline. The United States, under the executive order issued by then-President Harry Truman, fired its nuclear weapon on the city of Hiroshima on August 6, Forty, a bomb (the fat man) was fired on Nagasaki three days after the bombing of Hiroshima; these attacks are the only nuclear weapons attacks in the history of war.
The number of victims of bombs dropped on the cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki reached more than 230,000 people, including more than 140,000 people in Hiroshima, and about 80,000 people were killed in the city of Nagasaki at the end of the year 2000. Ninety-five and forty-five, and on the day of the bombing nearly half of this figure died,
The rest of the dead were wounded, who died from the effects of radiation burns, shocks, regular burns, diseases and malnutrition, as well as radiation poisoning. Since then, many have died from various cancers such as solid cancers and leukemia resulting from radiation, Most of the victims of nuclear bombs on the two cities is civilians.
Japan announced its surrender to the Allied forces six days after the bomb was dropped on Nagasaki; the surrender document was signed on September 2, and the war in the Pacific officially ended. After the bombs, Japan adopted the three non-nuclear principles during the war, to prevent a nation from nuclear armament.
Background of the manufacture of nuclear bombs
The Nuclear Bomb Industry America, in cooperation with Canada and the United Kingdom, designed and built the first nuclear bomb under the Manhattan Project and ran the American Physical Science Research (Robert Oppenheimer). The Hiroshima – , A rare counterpart of uranium, and the Nagasaki-fat man of internal fission species, made of plutonium 239, is an artificial element
The effects of the Hiroshima bomb
World War II The events of the Second World War broke out on the first of September 1939 on the European continent, and the war ended on the second of September 1945 with the participation of the world’s superpowers, and divided the warring parties to the forces of allies and Axis States, The military, economic, industrial and other scientific capabilities were classified as one of the wars that left a devastating impact on the use of nuclear weapons, including the nuclear attack on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, which caused enormous human and material losses in those Japanese cities.
The nuclear attack on Hiroshima The United States launched at the end of the Second World War a fierce attack on nuclear weapons on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, in August 1945; it threw nuclear bombs on the cities and left very devastating effects, and came this predatory attack on the grounds of rejection of the Declaration of the Conference Which included the declaration of Japan’s surrender and full submission to America unconditionally, the Potsdam Conference, and the nuclear bomb “Little Boy” to the city of Hiroshima on the sixth of August of that year, the fat man’s bomb was thrown on the city of Nagasaki in the ninth of Y As the month, this was a historic nuclear attack, an attack alone microkernel weapons.
It is worth noting that these bombs left thousands of people dead. The number of people killed in Hiroshima was more than 140,000. In Nagasaki, about 80,000 people died. Later that year, many more died from wounds, burns, and shocks. Radiation burns and others. Japan declared its surrender and surrender to Allied forces in World War II and signed the surrender document on September 2, 1945, which ended the war officially in the Pacific
The effects of the Hiroshima bomb
The American selection of the cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki to test the destructive impact of this nuclear bomb caused by the fission of uranium, the destructive effects were:
- Explosion: The explosion caused by the bomb to the destruction of homes and the total destruction of the surface of the earth, which is due to the possession of the bomb from the force of explosive waves psi 5, and what happens during this explosion that throw the bomb result in hot air very hot temperature Towards x-ray.
- Fire: This bomb caused heavy fire as a result of the emergence of dazzling lights with heat waves, where the temperature of more than 4000 degrees Celsius, and is burning and smeared glass and sand and burned people in their way and their bodies, and contributed to the outbreak of fire in large areas in addition to the occurrence of electrical contact, A firestorm ate everything in its path.
- Radiation: Explosions filled with radioactive fissile material, contaminated with dust and ash, sent firecrackers directly to the residents of the area, killing them immediately and causing multiple and severe diseases. This caused an increase in the number of cancers, especially blood, and caused a change in the genetic characteristics of the Japanese people. Genetic Disease.
In general, the number of deaths among the population of Hiroshima as a result of the devastating bomb (Little Boy) reached about 80,000 people or 30 percent of the city’s population, and 70,000 of its residents were deeply wounded.