On April 8, 2013, British Prime Minister Margaret Hilda Roberts, who is world known as Margaret Thatcher, died.
The first woman in the history of Britain and Europe to be prime minister, and also the leader of the Conservative Party three times in a row in the twentieth century, described as the woman who changed the face of Britain and the world with her policies.
The most influential woman in British history, who was celebrated with a solemn funeral comparable to the funeral of Lady Diana and Queen Elizabeth I, where she died at the age of 87 years, after a sudden stroke in the brain, and after long suffering from Alzheimer’s disease, as doctors prevented her from being in public places since 2002.
Carol talks about her mother Margaret Thatcher
Her daughter, Carol Thatcher, confirmed in her personal memoirs about her mother, the risk of her Alzheimer’s disease.
“The first signs of the disease appeared to my mother at the age of 75, and the disease began at a public luncheon; as her memory seemed confused about the conflicts in Bosnia and Herzegovina and the Falkland Islands. She spoke the words with all difficulty, and repeated phrases such as: When will my car come? Or when will I go to the hairdresser?, which opened a terrifying chapter in our lives, and I had to be patient in dealing with her and realize she had a disease” Carol described Margaret’s situation.
Carol added: “My mother in her difficult days barely remember at the end of the sentence how it started, and it took us some time to realize that she could not remember the headline of a newspaper she just read, or what she ate at breakfast this morning”.
The Rise and Success of Margaret Thatcher
Margaret Thatcher is a difficult political legend to be repeated and a model for millions of women around the world who are inspired by her values and power. She is still alive in the history of Europe, its political memory and the hearts of the British people who are fortunate to experience and see her strength and achievements, despite being accused of being anti-poor.
Margaret Hilda Roberts was born on 13 October in Grantham, East England. Her father, Alfred Roberts, was a grocery storekeeper and merchant, before becoming a member of the Conservative Party, and the mayor of Grantham for a very short time. Her mother was a seamstress. She grew up in a modest and religious family with her parents and sister Muriel, which taught her independence and self-reliance.
Margaret early took her father’s love of belonging to the Conservative Party and loved politics, but she did not want to be her profession unless she had good tools.
She joined Oxford University in chemistry and then joined the Oxbridge Elite Program, which combines the University of Oxford and Cambridge.
She worked in the plastic industrial chemical research from 1947 to 1951 and then worked in the ice cream industry, and in 1970 she was appointed as Minister of Education and Science.
In 1951, she married Sir Dennis Thatcher, a former officer in the Royal Artillery Corps who worked in the field of petroleum, and supported her strongly to achieve her political ambition, and gave birth to two twins: Mark «businessman» and Carol «journalist and author», she lived with him at a social level higher than the level of her family until his death ten years before hers in 2003.
In a few years, she was able to achieve her political ambitions. She was elected as the president of the Conservative Party in 1975, she became Britain’s prime minister from 1979 to 1990, the longest reign of prime minister in the history of Britain and Europe.
Although she was a woman, but she was more militant in her financial and military policy than her predecessors of the same rank of men until she was nicknamed the non-soft iron-woman, and all her plans were to keep Britain as a superpower in the world.
In 1990, she resigned because of her lack of confidence in winning the Conservative leadership elections, as many politicians fight her as a woman who maintained her position for so many years without a competitor. Then John Major was elected to succeed her, and in 1992 she was crowned as a Baroness and became a member of the House of Lords.
The secret of the title of Iron Woman
Margaret Thatcher is called Iron Lady because of her bold liberal economic policy of running Britain, her struggle against trade unions, privatizing major British companies, reducing social allowances paid by the government to poor and middle-income families, and providing an enabling environment for the wealthy to encourage investment, by soft terms and special laws that passed easily in parliament when she was prime minister from 1979 to 1990.
In 1984 and 1985, Thatcher led a relentless war against British unions, which organized popular demonstrations to denounce her liberal policies, but despite its massive mobilization, Thatcher won her confrontation with the workers, thanks to her government’s tight security measures to end the strike.
In 1982, as the British economy was in dire straits, Margaret Thatcher decided to enter a long and costly war against Argentina in order to retrieve the Falkland Islands captured by Buenos Aires.
After a major war effort, Thatcher won the war; raising her political standing among the Conservative and majority of Britains, and was re-elected as prime minister in 1983 for the second time.
During the second term of the British government, it continued to implement important economic and political reforms. It privatized several other major national companies, such as Britain Telecom and «Rolls-Royce» luxury cars and airlines, which helped the lower prices over time, she also minimized the strength of trade unions despite their strikes.
The first to award her the title of Iron-Woman was the Soviet Captain, Yuri Gavrilov, in response to her strong opposition to communism.
That’s what Margaret Thatcher puts in her handbag
The handbags, which were famous for Margaret Thatcher, were chosen to fit a large box of cosmetic powder, lipstick, and a small notebook to record her notes, pen, and comb.
Margaret Thatcher was a woman, whom the British people loved and hated her, but the day of her death, millions of Britains grieved and declared mourning for her, and millions of others rejoiced and danced in the streets for her demise, but the entire British people agreed that she was a remarkable woman. Her enemies respected her as well as the Britains, the reason is that she is a woman who made her own history and made her country’s history in the late 20th century.