Malaysia

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Malaysia

Malaysia is a Muslim country located in the southeast of Asia, with its capital Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia is divided into two parts separated by the South China Sea from the south:

  • Eastern Malaysia or Malaysian Borneo.
  • The Malaysian Peninsula.

The total area of the country is about 329,845 square kilometers, with a population of approximately 30 million people by 2014.

Malaysia consists of 13 provinces and 3 administrative regions with borders with Singapore, Thailand, Brunei and Indonesia.

Brief history of Malaysia

Until 1963, Malaysia did not exist as a united state; as the United Kingdom extended its influence to large colonies in it until the end of the 18th century, which was called British Malaya.

In 1946, it was reorganized to form the Union of Malays, because of the large opposition against Britain.

In 1948, it was reorganized again to form the so-called Federal Union of Malaya, and in 1957 it gained independence. In 1963, Sarawak, Singapore, Malaya Union, and Borneo were merged into Malaysia.

In 1966 there were some disputes and tensions with Indonesia and Singapore was expelled from the Union.

Government and Politics

The system of government in the state is a federal electoral constitutional monarchy. Its president is Yang De Agung, sometimes called the King of Malaysia. The king is elected every five years among the sultans of the nine Malay states.

The system of government in Malaysia was derived through British colonialism, which is a multi-party state and the ruling party is a coalition of several parties called the Parisian Nacional.

It has three powers: legislative, executive and judicial; the judiciary is independent of the rest of the authorities.

Parliament consists of two chambers: the Senate, the House of Representatives, the House of Representatives consists of 222 members elected every 4 years. The Senate consists of 70 members elected every 3 years, and voting in elections is not compulsory.

Geography and climate

Malaysia is divided into two parts: Eastern and Western parts.

The western section is characterized by coastal plains, hills, and mountains covered with dense trees. The highest peak in this section is about 4,095 meters high, which is the Kinabalu Mountain on the island of Borneo. The climate is tropical with monsoon winds from April to February, while the eastern part is mostly islands.

The Population of Malaysia

Malays constitute the largest part of the population of Malaysia, with 57% of the total population of the country, and their religion is Islam, followed by Malaysians of Chinese descent by 27%, and Malaysians of Indian descent by 7%, while the rest of the people are of different races, as Malaysia has a population of 27 million.

The Language in Malaysia

Malay is the official language of Malaysia, a language spoken by nearly 30 million people in Malaysia, Brunei, and Singapore.

It should be noted that Malayo lives in the Philippines, Thailand, and Sumatra. There is a big similarity between the Malay language and the Indonesian language, the language is known in Malaysia as Bahasa, and the Malay language means Bahasa Malayu.

The Malay language is influenced by other languages. The Malay people had mixed with many peoples, and this mixing has affected all fields of Malays and these peoples, as the vocabulary of these languages has entered the Malay language.

There is a similarity between Malay vocabulary and Arabic, Chinese, English, Portuguese, Dutch, and Sanskrit. Malaysians also use Latin letters in writing, and some of them use Arabic letters.

Religion and Culture

With regard to religion and cultures, Malaysia is generally characterized by a unique cultural and religious diversity of cultures from all over the world. Therefore it is not surprising that in one of Kuala Lumpur’s neighborhoods there is a Hindu or Buddhist temple adjacent to a mosque or church.

Muslims in Malaysia make up the majority of the population 61.3%, as for other religions, Buddhists account for 19.8%, Christians 9.2%, and 6.3% Hindus.

Education

The State of Malaysia has recently paid particular attention to the education sector for its recognition of the importance of investing in the human element, as the human elemnt is the most important in the resources of any nation. This attention has been reflected significantly in the quantity and type of education in the State.

According to 2010 statistics, the literacy rate among the 10-64 age group in Malaysia was 97.3% compared to 93.5% in 2000.

In Kuala Lumpur, the literacy rate reached 98.8% of the population in 2010, up from 97.5% in 2000.

With regard to the ability to use the computer, the percentage of those able to use between the age of 5-69 years in Kuala Lumpur 76.1% of the population, and these rates are very high compared to rates in the world in general, and in Asian countries in particular.

The official currency

The official currency used in Kuala Lumpur is the Malaysian Ringgit (MYR). A number of international currencies are used in supermarkets throughout Kuala Lumpur, such as the Euro, the US Dollar, and the British Pound.

The History Kuala Lumpur, the old capital

1869: Yap Ao Lai took the leadership of Kuala Lumpur and succeeded in establishing a law and order in a few years.

1880: Kuala Lumpur became a developed country when British Ambassador Frank Swettenham prepared the first plan for the city.

1887: Kuala Lumpur became the capital of Selangor.

1946: Kuala Lumpur becomes the capital of the Federal Federation of Malaya.

1957: Independence of the Malaya Union, and Kuala Lumpur Declaration as the capital of the independent federated Malaya.

1963: Declaration of Kuala Lumpur, capital of Malaysia.

1999: The capital of Malaysia has been changed to become Putrajaya.

2007: Kuala Lumpur celebrates its 50th anniversary as the capital of Malaysia and the 50th anniversary of Malaysia’s independence.

Tourism in Kuala Lumpur

  • Petronas Tower: They are called Twin Towers, one of Kuala Lumpur’s most famous landmarks, with a tower height of 451.9 meters and consist of 88 floors.
  • Museum of Islamic Arts: The museum was established in 1998 to be the largest museum in Southeast Asia for Islamic art and contains more than 7000 pieces of art, in addition to a library containing books in Islamic art, and it has is the largest model in the world of the Grand Mosque.
  • Aquarium Kuala Lumpur: It has more than 5,000 different sea creatures, and a 90-meter underground tunnel, where visitors can see through a variety of dangerous and rare sea creatures.
  • National Museum: Officially opened in 1963, the museum houses a variety of exhibits that reflect the country’s historical background and statues of prominent figures in the history of Malaysia.
  • Kuala Lumpur Bird Park: More than 3000 birds of 200 different species are available, and the Kuala Lumpur Bird Park is the only one to allow birds to fly freely.
  • As well as more than 20 other tourist destinations across Kuala Lumpur.

 

References

  1. ↑ Zakaria Bin Ahmad Ooi Jin Bee Craig A. Lockard and others, “Malaysia”، britannica.com, Retrieved 14-7-2018. Edited.
  2. ↑ “Malaysia: The People of Malaysia”, www.tripadvisor.com, Retrieved 14-7-2018. Edited.
  3. ^ أ ب ت Dave Owen, “What Languages Do They Speak in Malaysia?”، gapyear.com. Edited.
  4. ↑ “Malaysia”, maps of the world. Edited.
  5. ^ أ ب “The World Factbook/ Malaysia”, a central intelligence agency. Edited.
  6. ↑ “KUALA LUMPUR OR KL”, wonderful Malaysia. Edited.
  7. ^ أ ب “About KL”, KUALA LUMPUR TOURISM BUREAU.
  8. ^ أ ب “Population Distribution and Basic Demographic Characteristic Report 2010”, Department of Statistics, Malaysia.
  9. ↑ “REPORT ON EDUCATION AND SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS OF THE POPULATION 2010”, THE CHIEF STATISTICIAN OFFICE, MALAYSIA.
  10. ↑ “Kuala Lumpur”, maps of world. Edited.
  11. ↑ “Preliminary Count Report, Population and Housing Census, Malaysia, 2010”, Department of Statistics, Malaysia.
  12. ↑ “HISTORY OF KUALA LUMPUR”, wonderful Malaysia. Edited.
  13. ↑ “Places| tourism malaysia”, official website of tourism Malaysia. Edited.

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