Information technology is closely linked to computers and networks. Many people come to computers, networks, or both when IT is mentioned because computers and networks (such as the Internet) are the primary means of storing, publishing, and applying information. Get it very simply and very quickly.
The world today is like a small village thanks to information technology. The process of communication and dissemination of information has become so fast that it has spread to all parts of the world, which has greatly affected human life and brought about a radical change. The world now depends entirely on technology, knowing that this technology carries a significant enough risk to destroy society if it is not good to dispose of it.
Modern technology has contributed to the development of science and its technological applications very quickly and made it different from yesterday, and will make the world of tomorrow completely different from today’s world.
The impact of information technology politically
Technology has the role of authority and power; modern aircraft with electronic technology is much faster than aircraft lacking this, and military-based (or so-called) intelligence weapons do much more than the weapons of the past. Small computers have the ability to conduct Millions of calculations in a few seconds compared to old computers of limited effectiveness, limited to the completion of a few calculations and information, and many other examples that are innumerable.
These changes resulting from the development of science and technology are new features or facets of force, which will provide humanity in the world of tomorrow with new features. Most of the achievements and scientific discoveries are achieved as a result of military requirements that played a major role in directing the form and method of technological and cognitive development directly or indirectly. Modern science and its contemporary technological applications are of great importance to the human being today, more than ever throughout its history as the basic foundation of the modern economy, its means of creating wealth and the strategic necessity to define the requirements and the implications for achieving political goals.
Effect of information technology economically
Technological progress and organizational maturity have contributed to increased production, capital accumulation and the creation of intense competition among manufacturers. As a reflection of this competition, the R & D concept emerged as a strategy of creation and creativity through the harmony of scientific ideas and their practical application by engineers and scientists Making the R & D role into large sections with technical, legal and administrative skills in maintaining the industrial location and a reference to quality, productivity and cost. These developments have resulted in an industrial culture that derives its momentum from the advances of science and technology that mature and deepen as a natural result of research and development.
The expansion of the role of research and development in the information revolution, its relevance to the organization of factories in the era of globalization and its infrastructure, and the importance of all this on the technological leadership in the global economy and the spread of technological innovations from a specific industrial sector to other industrial sectors inside and outside the country, Industrial production in multiple places and their important role in the secretions of industries registered for production on the global market.
The impact of information technology socially
Sociologists likened the impact of information technology on society to transform the world from vast continents separated by oceans, months to travel between continents, to a very small village encompassing all the world’s population, which is called globalization. Thanks to the information technology, communication between any two people in different parts of the earth is easy and fast, with only voice, video or audio communication connection to the Internet with high accuracy.
The messaging process required parts of a second after it took days or even months to reach only one side; instant messaging applications for mobile devices, which made the exchange of messages required only write the message and press the send button. Recently, social networking sites that use entertainment for people to share their news, photos, and psychological situations with the community have become famous and people interact with each other.
Other effects of information technology
Information technology has made the education process more effective and productive and has increased the well-being of the student. Developed methods of education have made this process easier, such as the replacement of books with tablets and laptops, in addition to the emergence of distance learning that allowed the student to learn from his home without having to find a place dedicated to it.
In the field of medicine, medical devices have developed significantly and have become more efficient and efficient. The computer has entered these devices and turned them into digital devices that facilitate their programming and handling, in addition to the emergence of new science related to medicine. The development of this area is an important development for humanity. It is the basis for living a healthy life away from disease and pain.
It is noticeable that information technology has radically changed human life, not necessarily that all changes are positive. Some may be negative and have a detrimental effect on the individual and society. For example, traffickers use the Internet to offer and promote their products for sale or use. Modern communication means to annoy people or exploit them.