He is Faisal bin Abdul Aziz Al Saud, the king of Saudi Arabia from November 1964 to March 1975.
He was born in Riyadh in April 1906, and the son of Abdul Aziz bin Saud, the founder of Saudi Arabia.
He was raised by his grandfather from his mother, who taught him the Qur’an, the principles of Islam and education.
King Faisal political life
He participated in politics for forty years and gained extensive experience in various governmental and administrative responsibilities during the reigns of his father King Abdul Aziz and his brother King Saud, which made him qualified to lead the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
In his reign, he paid great attention to economic, financial, industrial and agricultural fields. The agricultural projects included the Irrigation and Drainage Project and the Al-Rimal Project in Al-Ahsa, the area of agricultural land increased throughout the Kingdom during his reign, and The General Petroleum & Minerals Corporation was also established.
King Faisal was the most active monarch in economic, educational and political programs and held a number of high positions during the reign of his father, King Abdul Aziz Al Saud:
- Led the Saudi forces to calm the tense situation in Asir in 1922.
- He took over as deputy to his father the king of the Hijaz in 1925.
- Chairman of the Consultative Council in 1927.
- First Minister of Foreign Affairs in 1932.
- Participated in the Saudi-Yemeni war in 1934.
- He led the delegation of Saudi Arabia to the London Conference in 1939 to discuss the Palestinian issue.
- He led the Kingdom’s delegation to the United Nations Conference held in 1945 in San Francisco.
- First Deputy Prime Minister in 1953.
- In 1963 he became Prime Minister, Minister of Foreign Affairs and Minister of Finance
- On November 2, 1964, On November 2, 1964, the ruling was officially handed over to him, and he was able to lift the kingdom out of economic and administrative problems after the bankruptcy of the government treasury.
- He joined the Arab states in the 1967 Arab-Israeli war.
- He worked in 1973 to strengthen Saudi arms and spearheaded the campaign to cut off Arab oil from all the countries supporting Israel, led by America during the war of October 1973.
He worked on economic and social reform policy, by providing perfect financial management and austerity policy to confront the excesses and corruption that characterized his brother’s rule.
he established the five-year plans and the system of administrative areas, bring overseas consulting firms to support government service institutions.
He encouraged public education through journalism, radio, and television, but remained under strict government control. He provided important development projects in agriculture and industry and improved the country’s infrastructure.
He established strong ties with the West, making Saudi Arabia the most powerful Arab ally of the United States, and he rejected any political relations with the Soviet Union and other communist bloc countries.
The Death of King Faisal
King Faisal bin Abdul Aziz died on March 25, 1975, as he was assassinated by one of his nephew’s sons, which led to his death.
The real motives for the murder were not known, due to the lack of a public trial and the lack of details about the incident, but the reasons are believed to be due to family conflict and the Prince’s hatred of King Faisal’s policies, which he considered very conservative.