Charles I was the King of England, Scotland, and Ireland, was an authoritarian ruler who believed in his absolute right to rule. He wanted to govern his territories according to his own rules and regulations. He had no regard for the views and opinions of his nationals who began to hate him because of his tyranny and dictatorship.
Childhood and early life
On November 19, 1600, King Charles I of England, Scotland and Ireland was born in Britain in succession to King James I in 1625. His father was King of England in March 1603, when his father and brothers immigrated to England, they left Charles and did not take him with them, because he was a sick child. He could not bear this difficult journey, and when he grew stronger and left for England in the middle of 1604, he spent most of his life in England.
His early education was taught by Thomas Murray, who taught him classics, languages, mathematics, and religion. Charles overcame some of his physical disabilities and became a skilled knight and dancer. He also loved hunting and fencing. When his brother Henry died because of his illness at the age of 18 in 1612, he was the heir to the throne. Charles at the age of 12, became his heir and received many titles, including Duke of Cornwall and Duke of Rothesay, because of his new status as the eldest son.
The reign of King Charles I
During his reign, his ministers encouraged him, especially Buckingham and Stravord, as well as the Bishop of Lud and his wife, Henriette, to monopolize the authorities and tyranny. This led the opposition in parliament to rise up against him. He dissolved Parliament in 1629 when Parliament demanded that he sign a document guaranteeing more freedoms and rights. The Parliament was summoned in 1640 when it needed funds to equip its forces. The parliamentarians took advantage of the opportunity to get rid of two of his supporters and encouraged him to tyranny. They were Straford and Bishop Lud. The King did not move in the face of the killing of his two close friends. You for a faction without another raised the parliament again, as well as all its opponents.
A break with him began in 1645, precipitating a civil war between his supporters and the army of parliamentarians and scots. The king’s forces were defeated and found isolated. In 1646 he surrendered to the Scots, who in turn handed him over to the parliamentarians and was able to escape in 1647.
The king had established a new alliance with the Scots in return for granting them some religious freedoms, but the leader of the rebels Oliver Cromol was able to resolve the situation finally in 1648 when he could hold a special session of the parliament after the selection of its members among the supporters of revolutionaries, On 30 November 1649 the king’s neck was struck and his successor was succeeded by his son Charles II.