How Titanic sank
The ship of Titanic
- The Titanic (Royal Passenger Ship), a luxury British passenger ship, and one of the largest and most mobile objects of its time.
- The construction of the ship began in 1912 at a construction cost of $ 7.5 million. The ship is 270 meters long and has a height of more than 28 meters.
- The ship contains ten floors divided into sections, each department is concerned with a certain class of people, there is the first class, the second class, the third class, each class has its privileges and services. The ship contains gymnasiums, swimming pool, As well as equipped with lifeboats sufficient for about one thousand and five hundred passengers
- The ship contains three huge engines operated by coal combustion; its speed reaches about forty-five kilometers per hour. It is equipped with safety factors., as the lower parts are divided into separate parts so that if the water leaked to a section that could be withdrawn from it without extending to other sections, the confidence of the ship’s designers and captain “Edward Smith” believed that this ship will never sink whatever happens.
- The Titanic began its first trip from Southampton in England to France, Queenstown and Ireland, and then headed west toward New York City. The ship carried 1316 passengers and 885 crew members. The journey of this great ship ended with a tragic accident that resulted in the death of 1514 Because of its collision with an iceberg in the North Atlantic.
- Among the wealthy passengers and passengers aboard were the American millionaire “John Jacob Astor IV” and his wife, the famous cricket player “John Borland Thigh” and the reformer “William Thomas Steed”, as well as a number of immigrants from Ireland, Germany and some other regions who dreamed of starting a new life in New York.
- This ship is one of the most famous tragedies in modern history and has inspired many stories, films and music throughout history.
How the Titanic sank
- The Titanic began its first trip on April 10, 1912, from Southampton, England, to New York City. During the trip, the ship’s crew received warnings via radio that there were icebergs near the ship, prompting the ship’s captain to change course to the south while keeping speed as it is (22 knots).
- The crew thought they could avoid hitting the iceberg by observing the change in water movement as they approached, but they could not. Because of the ocean’s calm that night, an iceberg was soon seen near Newfoundland in Canada.
- Because of the high speed, the captain was unable to change course. The right part of the ship collided with the iceberg. The collision caused considerable damage to the ship’s parts and the leakage of seawater into it.
- Although it is believed that the ship is unsinkable, it sank only a few hours after its collision. The sophisticated design of the ship and its containment of several divided sections was not enough to save the ship from drowning.
Sequence of Titanic sinking Events
- Collision of the Titanic with the Iceberg on 14-04-1912 (23:40).
The tragic events of the Titanic sinking began just minutes after they collided with the iceberg, where large amounts of seawater began to leak inside the ship, leading to the floating of five of the 16 water columns in the ship. The ship’s engineer, “Thomas Andrews”, decided that the ship would soon sink.
- Launch of lifeboats on 15-04-1912 (12:30 pm).
Captain “Edward J. Smith” issued orders to take down lifeboats to rescue passengers. The first boat loaded with children and women was released 10 minutes after the order was issued.
- The lights of the ship turned off (at 02:10 am).
The evacuation of the passengers continued to the lifeboats. Eighteen of the 20 boats left on board were released. The ship was flooded. The back of the ship began to rise out of the water. It became dark in the ship because its lights were out.
- The ship was divided into two parts (at 2:17 pm).
The large rise in the back of the ship led to increased pressure on it, which led to the division of its body in the segment between the third and the fourth chimneys, where it broke into two halves.
- The ship’s front sinking (02: 19-20: 00).
After the ship broke into two separate sections, the part of the front gradually disappeared into the water, and the back remained floating on the water until the machine rooms were flooded and the back lost its balance, which led to the landing of the anchor towards the seabed.
- Ship parts sank at sea bottom (02: 22-02: 24).
The front of the ship fell to the bottom at a speed of 40 to 64 km / h until it hit the bottom, causing it to sprain. The back of the ship fell down at speed of 96 km / h, to finally hit the bottom at a depth of 2000 feet away from the front.
A new theory emerged that the main cause of the ship’s sinking was a massive fire that had begun to erupt for three weeks without anyone noticing it, weakening the structure of the ship and causing it to be severely damaged when it collided with ice, according to an expert.
The ship was believed to have been weakened in the body when it left the ship repair dock in Belfast.
“The latest investigation into the sinking of the Titanic was described as one of God’s predestination. The ship’s sinking was not merely an ice collision incident, but a result of many causes of fire, ice and neglect combined” the journalist “Sinan Muloney” told the Times.
- ^ أ ب “The Titanic: Facts About the ‘Unsinkable’ Ship”, www.livescience.com, Retrieved 17-7-2018. Edited.
- ↑ “Titanic facts and figures”, bbc.co.uk, Retrieved 20-7-2018.
- ↑ “The R.M.S. Titanic”, www.nationalgeographic.org, Retrieved 17-7-2018. Edited.
- ^ أ ب “Titanic ship”, www.britannica.com, Retrieved 17-7-2018. Edited.
- ↑ “مئوية سفينة تايتنك: رحلة إلى قاع المحيط”، bbc.com، اطّلع عليه بتاريخ 17-7-2018. بتصرّف.
- ↑ Amy Tikkanen, “Titanic”، britannica.com, Retrieved 7-5-2018. Edited.
- ↑ Douglas Main (10-7-2013), “The Titanic: Facts About the ‘Unsinkable’ Ship”، livescience.com, Retrieved 7-5-2018. Edited.
- ↑ Zara Kenyon (3-1-2017), “Experts Say the Titanic Didn’t Sink Because of an Iceberg After All”، goodhousekeeping.com, Retrieved 7-5-2018. Edited.
- ^ أ ب Karl Tate (10-4-2012), “Why and How the Titanic Sank (Infographic)”، livescience.com, Retrieved 29-6-2018. Edited.
- ↑ : Amy Tikkanen (23-5-2018), “Titanic”، britannica.com, Retrieved 29-6-2018. Edited.
- ↑ Oishimaya Sen Nag (25-4-2017), “The Wreckage Of The RMS Titanic”، worldatlas.com, Retrieved 29-6-2018. Edited.