Italy is one of the European countries; it is located in the southern part of the country. It shares its northern border with Germany. Its north-western border is with France, with its southern border with the Mediterranean Sea and Sicily, bordered on the west by the Tyrrhenian Sea and the island of Corsia and Sardinia. Many civilizations Vary in Italy, as well as the sea climate that prevails in most of its regions, and its capital is the city of Rome, which is an old city with a long history.
Rome has been the official capital of Italy since 1871 and has been the capital of the ancient Roman Empire. Rome is located in the center of the Italian state near the River Tefira, Rome is the largest city of the Italian state, with a population of 2,555,000 people.
History of Rome
There are still differences between historians and archaeologists about the history of the construction of the city of Rome, some analysis indicates that the emperor Romulus was built in 753 BC, and some historians indicate that it was built in the eighth century BC.
After Rome was built, it became the capital of the Roman Empire, and the resources were derived from the invasion and control of the surrounding areas. Rome became a major city in the third century BC, and its population increased significantly in the early second century BC due to the migration of large numbers of farmers Italians and their work in agriculture.
Rome in the Middle Ages
In the reign of Constantine I, the importance of religious Rome increased and became the center of the Church. After the looting of Rome in 410 AD by the First Alaric, in 476 the Roman Empire fell. All these events led to the rule of Rome by the Byzantines and the Romans until 751 AD. The Lombard defeated and disposed of the Byzantines. In 756 Pope Pippin, the Papal gave jurisdiction over Rome and its environs. Rome continued as the capital of the Papal State until 1870, when Italy annexed it.
After the accession of Rome to the Italian state, it became a destination for Christian pilgrims and was the center of the conflict between the papacy and the Holy Roman Empire.
Rome in modern times
In the latter half of the fifteenth century, the papacy moved the Italian Renaissance from Florence to the city of Rome. At that time, the popes were known for corruption and lavish life. They concentrated on building a civilization from arts, poetry, culture, and literature in Rome, Greatness, arts and wealth.
The period also witnessed major reforms in the city of Rome by various churches and suffered setbacks as well.
After the Second World War, Rome was rebuilt after the destruction and devastation caused by the war. The population continued to grow and the city grew significantly in terms of development and modernization.