History of North America
It was inhabited by the first Americans, who immigrate through a land passage in the Bering Strait in northeastern Siberia to the continent 10,000 years ago before the last ice age receded.
The Europeans colonized them after the discovery of the New World in the 15th century AD when the Bering passage was linking Northwest North America to Northeast Asia.
After the European colonization, they faced great challenges, but some of them coexisted, exchange trades and assimilated European technologies.
The Europeans seized the land of the population and terminated them in Canada and America.
When Christopher Columbus arrived in 1492 AD, the indigenous population was estimated at 40 to 90 million.
When the Spaniards came, they found 50 Indian tribes in the west, including the people of Pueblo, Comanche, Piman, and Yuman.
Europeans brought diseases with them through the biological war such as chickenpox, measles, plague, cholera, typhoid, diphtheria, pertussis, malaria and other epidemics that were reaping the population of the country.
The early inhabitants were able to harness natural resources and adapt to the climate and land in which they lived.
- They founded their cultures and civilization:
- In the northeast of the continent, they used forest wood to build their homes, make their canoes and wood machines.
- In the southwest of the desert, they planted the corn and built their two-story houses of mud bricks or brick dried in the sun.
- Inhabited by hundreds of groups, each group has its own tribal and political system, clothing, food, language, arts and musical models, and its own philosophical and religious beliefs.
- They had cultural characteristics similar to those found in other communities in the ancient world, including the attachment to the land in which they live.
- These tribes were called, the Unendajo, Mohawk, and Cherokee tribes, all of them were called American Indians or Red Indians. In Canada, were usually called Aboriginal People.
- The civilization of North America and northern Mexico is divided into the South-East, North-East, South-West, California and the Great Basin Civilizations.
- They believed that they were part of the spiritual and natural worlds. Their festivals were related to harvest and agriculture, and they practiced colored drawing on sand using natural colored powders.
- The women of the Beblu tribes made polished pottery from silt and colored with geometric motifs.
- The Indians of California were famous for making stone crafts, animal horns, shells, wood and ceramics, weaving their clothes from grass, tree bark, plant roots, and jungle stalks, and making mats and pots.
- Wild buffalo was important to the Indians because they made tents, saddles, whips, vases, clothes and boats from its skin, and arrows, spears, combs, daggers and sewing needles from its bones, and the horns and cups from its horns, and glue from its hooves.
- They did not breed the wild buffalo as the primitive man did in Asia and Africa because it was available. They hunted it with arrows and tracked the effects of his flocks when it was grazing in its pasture or approaching the water sources to drink from.
- They knew the name of the tribe from its impact and the number of its members and their destination, especially after raiding them, so they were to identify the shortest and fastest ways to track them and catch them and revenge them.
- The inhabitants of the cities were not safe from receiving the raids of the shepherds, they would burn them and destroy them.
- The Abkhaz Indians were moving from the American North to the South where the Mayan and Toltian kingdoms, to destroy and burn them, as they were good at Hit-and-run and fighting.
- The customs and traditions of the Indian tribes were similar to what prevailed in nomadic pastoral tribes in the rest of the ancient world.
- The First Human in North America was:
- He lived in caves during the Stone Age, which was decorated with his pictures and pictures of animals.
- He was grinding with stone to make his armor and polished his knives and arrows, and he made pottery with his hands.
- Civilization of Poplu emerged in North America, which:
- Spun cotton and built houses from several rooms, including an underground room for religious ceremonies.
- Made marble statues, copper tiles, and shells.
- Pottery was made of clay mix with plant fibers and vessels decorated with geometric shapes around the edges.
- Cities had constructed in eastern North America where trade was.
- Simple villages were built and each village consisting of two houses or five wooden and circular houses, the diameter of the house was 30 feet.
- Burying their dead in a tunnel under a small hill, and the tombs were decorated.
- Clothing was made from animal skins or hair or from plant fibers and was decorated with feathers, beads and copper sheets in geometrical form.
- Had the Talic temples with a ladder and were around the villages.
- The civilization of Adana (800 BC – 700 BC) appeared in the Mississippi river valley and the Hubbol civilization (400 BC-400 AD.) On the eastern side of southeastern North America. Both civilizations were identical.
- The Southwest of the United States witnessed the civilization of the makers of baskets (100 BC-100M):
- The houses were from one room of bricks and the remains of trees.
- They lived in the caves or buried their dead their.
- They lived on hunting deer, squirrels, rabbits or wild dogs, using their holding hands or nets.
- They made bags and sandals of plant fibers.
- After 700 BC. They built houses of stones and spun cotton.
- The copper civilization and the culture of fishermen in the land and sea appeared, especially around the Great Lakes of Canada and the United States of America, and they were making their machines of copper hammered hot or cold, but did not know the method of melting it or how to cast it in the molds as was followed in the ancient world since 1500 BC.
- Native Americans lived in Canada’s forests to collect fruit and fish, and they had special characteristics and maintained their own culture and language system derived from the Mayan civilization.
- The northern Indians left their monuments dating from 3500 BC around the Lenoi River, which are bone knives and thick cotton fabrics, and near Lake, Lamoka found mowers and hammers stone and wood engraver.
- They made the rings from the shells and adorned with precious stones.
- In general, American civilization was not as fast or growing as it was in the rest of the ancient world, where great historical civilizations were present.