Globalization

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Globalization

Globalization is a new term that reflects an old phenomenon that has made the world a small electronic village whose parts are connected by satellites, satellite communications, and television channels. Historians have reported that globalization is not a new phenomenon but an old one, dating back to the end of the sixteenth century, Where it emerged with the beginning of Western colonization of Asia, Europe, and the Americas, and then associated with the development of modern trading system in Europe, which led to the emergence of a complex global system characterized by globalization and then called globalization, and the researchers saw that globalization is based on four basic processes, The great competition between the superpowers, the globalization of production and the exchange of goods, innovation and technological innovation, and constant modernization.

Definition of globalization

Globalization in Language

Globalization defines language as the source of a globalized act: the freedom of information transmission, the flow of capital, various ideas, technology, products, and goods. It also represents the transmission of human beings among different human societies. This makes the world look like a small village. And globalization has been said to be the name of globalization. The word globalization among all others was known among researchers and has become the most common among economists, politicians, and media professionals.

Globalization as a term

Globalization is the process of control and the development of laws as well as the removal of barriers between States, a process that allows institutions to develop their global impact of different types. It can be said that globalization is an economic process in its first place, and then expand to include the political, social and cultural aspects, The definitions of globalization and its meanings, and the views of researchers varied, and because of these differences, globalization has become a controversial topic in various parts of the world.

The International Monetary Fund (IMF) has defined globalization as the growing economic cooperation of the whole world, which is supported by the increasing volume and cross-border exchange of goods and services as well as increased capital flows among countries and the spread of technology worldwide. Webster defined globalization as making things global and making its scope global. Dr. Mustafa Mahmoud defined globalization as a term that has emerged to liberate the homeland from its patriotism, nationalism, religious, social and political affiliation to serve as the servant of the world’s great powers Dr. Sayyar al-Gemayel said: “Globalization is only a process of penetrating people’s thinking, their ways of thinking, their structures, and their penetration into societies, states, and their entities. It is also a breakthrough for the geography and domains of countries and their domains, economics, cultures, and identities. Which, in turn, is making unlimited technical innovation without any consideration of the systems, values, cultures and geographical and political boundaries of the world.

Forms of globalization

 Economic globalization

Economic globalization can be defined as the rule of a single economic system that includes the various countries of the world in a set of interrelated economic relations. These relations are based on the exchange of services, products, goods, and capital. The economic dimension of globalization depends on the principle of free trade between nations. This principle is reflected in the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT). Its objectives are to establish free international trade that raises the standard of living in the Contracting States, To develop and expand international production and trade.

Economic globalization is one of the certain things through which colonial Powers can control weak States, such as:

  • Money and manpower flow freely between markets, where globalization is based on economic standards, and it means increased mutual relations of labor and capital mobility and the exchange of goods and services among the world’s nations.
  • The world’s strong dependence on the global monopolistic market led to the breach of the borders and the decline of state sovereignty, with the participation of large corporations with large capital that could influence the sovereignty of countries and control their economy and wealth.
  • The integration in the fields of trade and direct investment of the various markets of the world, where many major countries want to establish global markets involving weak and powerful countries to exchange goods and products between them; to develop common interests, and then gradually turn into domination and dominance.
  • Multi-national corporations dominate the capital of weak states by investing heavily in their weak states.

Political globalization

The political manifestation of globalization is the fall of dictatorial regimes and the trend towards democratic regimes, the freedom of expression, freedom of choice, freedom of belief, freedom of association, political freedom, It also emphasizes the preservation and maintenance of human rights. Political globalization has led to the development of the world, a remarkable democratic development that is evident in many countries, especially developing countries, where political participation has increased, It also prohibits the formation of political parties, and there is nothing that hinders its way as long as it serves the country and the citizen. The manifestations of political globalization are also the focus of international NGOs dealing with global issues such as human rights issues and peace issues. Which contains in its principles the principle of humanitarian intervention, is an example of concern for respect for human rights and freedoms.

Cultural globalization

The concept of cultural globalization is closely linked to the idea of global cultural unification, which was used by the UNESCO World Commission on the Conference on Cultural Policies for Development. The Committee considered that cultural unification exploits the global communications network and its economic and productive structure, Economic and media dimension. The globalization of culture is a form of domination and subordination, and it carries with it many concerns expressed through the various media as a phenomenon that must be prepared for, As culture carries great importance in the lives of individuals; it is that which distinguishes human races from each other and which affirms the human character of the human race.

In order to face cultural globalization, some basic things must be done, such as the use of the proper and simple Arabic language in the mass media and mass media. It is necessary to stay away from local dialects as much as possible and to support religious and spiritual values based on the role of religion in history, heritage and contemporary life. Which are related to various educational and cultural aspects, and recreational messages, provided that they do not conflict with developmental values? The media messages that are broadcast through the various media should be analyzed and criticized, and that they should not contain values Which violate Islamic and Arab religious and spiritual values, or values that violate development policies and efforts aimed at protecting cultural privacy.

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