The concept of education technology
Education technology is a term that consists of two parts: technology and education, and can be defined as follows: Technology: The origin of the term Greek technology, which is derived from two sections, the first: Techno, in the sense of craft, application, or workmanship. Second: Logi, meaning art or science, and the meaning of the term is full of technology: the science of application. The definition of technology can be defined as the organized application of a range of concepts, principles, laws, and theories of science in the fields of human life and technology. Information, and education.
The concept of education technology: From the general definition of the term technology, educational technology can be defined by a set of definitions including:
- The systematic application of principles and theories of education in practice in the field of education.
- Science that is concerned with the development and improvement of individual performance, during practice in practical application.
- Study how scientific knowledge is developed and used in practice to provide the necessities and accessories of human life.
- All methods, materials, and tools used in the educational system; to achieve the pre-defined educational objectives, which aim to upgrade the system and improve its effectiveness.
- Process development, application of systems, methods, and means to improve the educational process.
- An intellectual framework, a work methodology, and a problem-solving method, based on effective systems, to achieve the goals set, with a high degree of efficiency and at the lowest cost, without relying on research results in many humanitarian and applied fields.
Elements of education technology
“Education technology is an integrated organization that includes the following elements: human, machine, ideas, opinions, working methods, and management, all working within one framework:
Human: It is the essence of the educational process; the educational process is not carried out without him; he plays the role of the teacher, the student and the researcher, which is also the primary endeavor of the educational institution; He is always aimed at Progress and developing
Machine: Machines have entered into all areas of human life, and have contributed greatly to changing the way of life of man, has shortened a lot of time and effort, and there are machines almost everywhere, you find them at home, at work, in the street, and machines used in life: Car, calculator, computer, TV and others.
Ideas and opinions: the main engine that determines the work of the machine, and the achievement of the goals required, and dissemination of information desired.
Work methods (strategies): The strategies and methods of work used by human beings always need to change and development; so that the program can achieve the desired goal, and the evolution of methods and diversity is one of the most important features of the technology.
Management: It is one of the most important pillars of the work, especially if it is far from the traditional administration which depends on its work on the matter and the prohibition, and play an important role in the work process and organization, and create the right atmosphere for work, and the combination of the previous elements; to perform its role with high efficiency, Time, and the least effort.
The importance of education technology
The educational process is subjected to a range of pressures and challenges, which must be addressed and solutions such as cognitive momentum, the steady increase in population density, the tremendous development in transport and communications, and the technological revolution, which have a great role in the speed of knowledge transfer. So that education technology was an urgent need to support development in other fields such as engineering, space, agriculture, medicine, and other modern sciences. Given this importance, educational institutions, both governmental and private, have converged; Positive and provide useful means that help the student to increase knowledge easily and easily, as institutions seek to provide the student’s ability to create.
Modern means of education technology
One of the most modern methods used in the field of education technology is the following:
- The use of computers in the educational process.
- Use of the World Wide Web (Internet).
- Use email to communicate with students.
- Take advantage of Internet search engines.
- Exchange files online. – Organizing teleconferences with video and audio.
- The use of numerous satellite channels specialized in education.
- Use e-book.
- Use the Electronic Whiteboard.
Evolution of education systems
Computer-based learning systems have evolved, and their evolution represents a qualitative change in the technology of teaching systems. Although there are other innovations that have entered the teaching world, such as voice recorder and projectors, which have contributed to the development of the educational process, the distance from the traditional educational environment, Based on the textbook, but it has not reached the degree of effectiveness achieved by using the computer in the teaching system; it provides a radical change in the process of education, where it works to create intelligent interaction with the learner, can be defined as educational systems based on the computer This definition shows the importance of computers in total learning and its role in supporting the teaching process, as in the practice and training, and also contributes to educating learners on how to use the computer; to improve productivity On a personal and collective level.
Thus, the role of computers in education systems is not limited to learners only, but also to teachers; to help them transfer knowledge, maintain the educational process, and strive to achieve their goals. Some are confused between computer-based teaching systems and the concept of computerization of education. However, the two concepts are different. The aim of computer-based systems is not to abolish the teacher’s role or to dispense with his services. Rather, it is intended to provide both teacher and student with tools and assistive devices to improve The teaching process and achievement of its objectives.