China’s reform and opening-up process
Despite China’s reliance on socialist theory in the management of the country, in 1978 it introduced some reforms to the market system. Where China’s economy is developing rapidly and is one of the fastest growing economies in the world. China is the world’s largest exporter of commodities, Second in import because of the size of purchasing power.
The policy of the Chinese leader Mao Zedong has had the greatest effect in pushing the Chinese economy into the industrial economy through the “Great Leap” plan. As We see China’s industries invading the world markets at very low prices. The economic policy pursued by Chinese governments in the late 1970s and 1980s, Economic reforms and the introduction of some free market doors, and sending missions to European countries had all the most impact in pushing the industrial sector to grow significantly, and contributed to solve a large proportion of unemployment suffered by the Chinese society, The concept of home factories spread throughout the family and so all the family became workers. It can be said that since the liberalization of the Chinese economy in 1978 it grew significantly to become the second largest in terms of Gross domestic production.
Zheng Bijian, 76, former deputy chief executive of the Party School of the CPC Central Committee, said China’s 30-year reform and opening-up process can be summed up in four historical stages centered around the main line of freeing minds and productive forces. In a newspaper interview with the People’s Daily newspaper delegate a few days ago.
The first stage
From 1978 to 1982, it lasted four years to remove chaos, restore order and launch reform. Its remarkable accomplishments in the area of “freeing productive forces” are embodied in the revitalization of the rural economy and the initial resolution of the issue of food and clothing for the Chinese in three to four years.
The second stage
From 1982 to the beginning of the 1990s, the twentieth century marked the “ten years of the start of comprehensive reform, the definition of the reform goals in terms of the fundamental road, the basic line and the partial exploration of socialism with Chinese characteristics.” Its remarkable achievements in the area of “liberation of productive forces” are reflected in the emergence of a period of rapid development of the “one-way-every-year” development, the revitalization of the urban economy, the wide opening from point to line and the emergence of rural institutions as a new force.
The third stage
From 1992 to the eve of the 16th National Congress of the Communist Party of China (CPC) in 2002, “Ten years of resisting the test of political and financial chaos, progressing courageously and with proven steps, defining reform goals in guiding theory, basic curriculum and socialist market economy, And the achievement of historic breakthroughs for reform and opening up to the outside world. “Its remarkable achievements in the liberalization of productive forces are reflected in the expansion of domestic demand to a greater extent, based on the annual economic growth rate of 12.1 percent in 1992-1996 and the elimination of the effects of the financial crisis The transformation of the planned national administration from the mandatory plan pattern to the pattern of the master plan, and the gradual formation of a new gradually evolving pattern of public sector survival and the development of disparate economies side by side, focusing on one point that China has entered a well-off society in general after This stage of continuous reform and development.
The fourth stage
From 2002 until now, “six years have come to define the historical direction of China and the Communist Party of China in the present era more clearly on the basis of a new historical starting point, and raise the great banner of socialism with Chinese characteristics above to begin building a well-off society in a comprehensive manner.” Its remarkable achievements in the area of “liberation of productive forces” are reflected in maintaining stable growth with a double-digit of the total economic volume during the first seven years of the twenty-first century, the rise of the infrastructure of the national economy and the giant enterprises of the governmental sector to a new high level, Rising people’s living standards to a great new degree , pay more attention to justice and equity while accelerating development, entering into a whole new stage of the top conscious work on scientific development, harmonious and peaceful, improve and complete the socialist market economy system comprehensively, push the process Reform of economic, political, cultural and social structures in a more coherent manner.