Byzantine

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Byzantine

The Byzantines and their rum as they consider themselves, as designated by the surrounding peoples and States, where the Eastern Roman Empire is an extension of the old ages until late Middle Ages, where it was concentrated in the capital Constantinople. Known by the surrounding States and peoples in the name of the Roman Empire (Rome), was a direct continuation of the old Roman Empire, this represents maintaining the traditions of the State.

A distinction is made between the two (Byzantium and ancient Rome) in terms of discrimination Byzantium Christianity instead of the pagan Roman State existed, plus the draws of Byzantium towards the Roman culture, and the people speaking the Greek language instead of Latin.

The difference between Roman and Byzantine Empire

Could not determine the exact date for the moment the separation between the Byzantine and Roman Empires, the distinction is fairly modern, but the important thing is the moment Emperor Constantine moved the capital of three hundred and twenty-four of Nicomedia in Anatolia to Byzantium on the banks of the Bosphorus, turned to Constantinople or the so-called new Rome and Constantine City (Istanbul).

The Roman Empire was divided after the death of Emperor Theodosius I in three hundred and ninety-five, this date is the beginning of Byzantine history and the actual beginning of the Byzantine Empire and Eastern Roman Empire called that separated Fully from the Western Roman Empire.

Founding of the Byzantine Empire

It was the beginning of the Byzantine Empire under Heraclius, who ruled for nearly three decades, and worked to establish a new State during that period effectively, many things including:

  • Create themes (administrative divisions) of administration and military reform.
  • The official State language and change it from Latin into Greek.

Byzantine empire stretched on for more than a thousand years old and was considered one of the most powerful empires of all military, economic and cultural aspects in Europe in spite of many setbacks and loss of land during the Byzantine war Arabic Roman and Persian.

During the rule of the Macedonian dynasty of the Byzantine Empire returned again to become one of the strongest countries in the Eastern Mediterranean that rival Fatimid power in the 10th-century b.c. Empire began after the year one thousand and seventy-one of many lost strongholds in favor of Turkish Seljuks, but in the reign of alkomninion Empire regained some lost territory and returned to impose their hegemony in the 12th-century a.d., which lasted until the end of the dynasty Alkomnineyen after the death of Emperor andronikos komnenos.

Retreated after trying again, Empire during the Fourth Crusade the broken State received a blow when considered resolved and divided into two competing entities Byzantine Greek and Latin. In the reign of the emperors albalog of Constantinople and establish a new empire in 1261, and for the next 200 years one among several competing States in the region, this period is considered the most glamorous and successful in the history of the Empire at all levels.

The fall of the Byzantine Empire

Many civil wars broke out within the Empire, these wars drained a lot of strength and vulnerability of Empire, which led to her missing the majority of the remaining land, specifically during the period (Byzantine-Ottoman wars), and these conflicts culminated after capturing on the capital Constantinople and falling into the hands of the Ottomans who managed to get the rest of the territory of the State of the Empire in the fifth century a.d., postings from this the end of the Byzantine Empire.

Credit to : https://mawdoo3.com/%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%AF%D9%88%D9%84%D8%A9_%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%A8%D9%8A%D8%B2%D9%86%D8%B7%D9%8A%D8%A9

 

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