Ancient Greek Society
- The Ancient Greek phrase referring to the memorial three centuries before the traditional age between 800 BC and 500 BC a relatively advanced time in world history. Ancient Greek had development in art, poetry, and technology, but most of all it was the time in which the poleis or city-state was invented. The polis became the defining feature of Greek political life for centuries.
- The Ancient Greek civilization started in around 1400BC and ended in around 337BC with the rise of empire’s Roman. The older name for Greek was Yunan and its capital was Athens. The belief of the ancient Greeks is having unity between themselves, and that’s what is seen in their belief of ‘one people’, they had the same religion, language, and culture. At every four years, different Greek city-states sent their young men and women to compete in the Olympic Games. Politically, Ancient Greek was divided amongst several hundred independent city-states also refer to as poleis. These city-states fiercely defended their independence from each other up.
- The Greek civilization had a great powerful influence on the Roman Empire. Indeed, some scholars believed that the Roman era is a continuation of the same civilization. Anyway, the Roman occupation has various attributes of Greek civilization to far-flung parts of the Mediterranean world and Western Europe. Through the mediation of the Romans. Therefore, Greek civilization came to be the founding culture of Western civilization. During the “Greek Dark Ages” before the ancient period, people lived scattered throughout Greek in small farming villages. As their population began to grow larger, these villages began to improve. Some built walls, most built a marketplace (an agora) and a community meeting place. They developed governments and organized their citizens according to some type of the constitution or set of laws. They raised armies and collected taxes. And every one of these city-states (poleis) was said to be protected by a particular god or goddess, to whom the citizens of the poleis owed a great deal of regard, respect, and sacrifice.
- These set of laws helped to establish cities (Poleis) where the citizens had the right to vote and choose their government and the government would collect taxes and raise an army. The modern democracy is said to be practiced in Greek at that time words such as politics, democracy, and citizen has an origin Greek. Zeus was the god for Greek people and they also believed that each Poleis was protected by a particular god or goddesses. The population began to increase in the poleis which led to a huge emigration. People were (mostly men) migrating away from their home Poleis and conquering the nearby land for settlement or agriculture.
|Zeus (gods of god for Greek people)|
- Between 750 and 600 BC, there were small colonies of Greek in Asia Minor, North Africa and coast around the Black Sea. Emigration was one way to relieve some of this tension. The land was the most important source of wealth in the city-states; it was also, obviously, infinite supply. The pressure of population growth pushed many men away from their home poleis and into sparsely populated areas around Greek and the Aegean. By the end of the seventh century BC, there were more than 1,500 colonial poleis.